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NSW Syllabuses

Science K–10 (inc. Science and Technology K–6) - Stage 2 - Knowledge and Understanding – Natural Environment Living World


A student:

  • ST2-10LW

    describes that living things have life cycles, can be distinguished from non-living things and grouped, based on their observable features

  • ST2-11LW

    describes ways that science knowledge helps people understand the effect of their actions on the environment and on the survival of living things


  • Living things can be grouped on the basis of observable features and can be distinguished from non-living things. (ACSSU044)
  • Students:
  • sort objects according to whether they are living or non-living
  • identify some features of living things that distinguish them from non-living things, eg reproducing, growing and responding to stimuli
  • identify and use patterns in the observable features of living things to group them, by using tables, diagrams or flowcharts LN
  • research ways that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples classify some plants or animals AHCCCT
  • Living things have life cycles. (ACSSU072)
  • Students:
  • observe first-hand one animal or plant as it grows and develops, and sequence the stages in its life cycle L
  • identify ways that the environment can affect the life cycle of plants and animals
  • Living things, including plants and animals, depend on each other and the environment to survive. (ACSSU073)
  • Students:
  • identify some factors in the local environment that are needed by plants and animals for survival
  • outline the relationship between plants and animals, including that plants are able to use light to make food, while animals must eat plants or other animals to obtain food L
  • investigate the role of living things in a habitat, eg plants as producers and microbes (micro-organisms) as decomposers CCT
  • gather information about some relationships between living things, eg predator-prey, competitors and mutually beneficial relationships SEL
  • predict the effect of natural changes in the environment on some relationships between plants and animals, eg drought and fire
  • describe some examples of how science knowledge helps people to understand the effect of their actions on the environment and the survival of living things (ACSHE051, ACSHE062) PSCSEEU