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NSW Syllabuses

Continuum of concepts in History K-10

Download: Continuums in History K–10 (A3 PDF, 3 pages, 76KB)

Stage Continuity and change Cause and effect Perspectives Empathetic understanding Significance Contestability
  Students demonstrate an understanding of:
ES1 changes and continuities in their own lifetime and that of their families simple cause and effect in the past and present exploration of a point of view and understanding that stories may vary depending on who is the narrator differences and similarities between individuals and families in the past and present important events in their own lives; the meaning of special days/holidays   
S1 changes and continuities in family life and the local community over time  reasons for change in people's lives over time and the results, eg due to technology a point of view within an historical context people in the local community who may have lived differently in the past reasons why a local person or site is regarded as important  
S2 changes and continuities due to British colonisation of Australia reasons for a particular historical development, eg journey of the First Fleet different points of view within an historical context, eg a British and an Aboriginal perspective on the arrival of the British in Australia how and why people in the past may have lived and behaved differently from today the importance and meaning of national commemorations and celebrations, and the importance of a person or event  
S3 aspects of both continuity and change in Australian society over time some causes and effects of an historical event or development, eg migration to Australia different points of view in the past and present, eg attitudes towards Federation why behaviour and attitudes of people from the past may differ from those of today the importance of the contributions of individuals and groups to their times historical events or issues may be interpreted differently by historians, eg British 'invasion' or 'settlement'
S4 changes and continuities over a broad period of time, eg the Roman Empire developments, decisions and events from the past that produced later actions, results or consequences different perspectives of participants in a particular historical context, eg the conquered and the conqueror the actions, attitudes and motives of people in the context of the past the importance of an historical event, development or individual in an historical context historical sources, events or issues may be interpreted differently by historians, eg the 'fall' of the Roman Empire
S5 reasons for change and continuity in a particular historical context, eg rights and freedoms of groups in Australian society intended and unintended causes and consequences of a particular historical event or development, eg the Industrial Revolution the reasons for different perspectives in a particular historical context, eg Turkish and Australian views of the Gallipoli campaign the actions, values, attitudes and motives of people in the context of the past the reasons why the importance of an event, development or individual may change over time, eg commemoration of ANZAC Day historical sources, events or issues may be interpreted differently by historians depending on their perspectives and methods of inquiry