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NSW Syllabuses

K–10 Geographical concepts continuum

Download: Continuums in Geography K–10

  Place
the significance of places and what they are like
Space
the significance of location and spatial distribution, and ways people organise and manage the spaces that we live in
Environment
the significance of the environment in human life, and the important interrelationships between humans and the environment
Interconnection
no object of geographical study can be viewed in isolation
Scale
the way that geographical phenomena and problems can be examined at different spatial levels
Sustainability
the capacity of the environment to continue to support our lives and the lives of other living creatures into the future
Change
explaining geographical phenomena by investigating how they have developed over time
Stage Students demonstrate an understanding of:
ES1
  • places students live in and belong to and why they are important
  • location of a place in relation to other familiar places
  • how and why places should be looked after
       
1
  • location and features of local places and other places in the world
  • where activities are located and how spaces can be organised
  • natural and human features of a place
  • daily and seasonal weather patterns of places
  • local and global links people have with places and the special connection Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples maintain with Country/Place
  • various scales by which places can be defined such as local suburbs, towns and large cities
   
2
  • natural and human features and characteristics of different places and their similarities and differences
  • how people's perceptions about places influence their responses and actions to protect them
  • settlements patterns within Australia, neighbouring countries and other countries
  • how climate and environment influence settlement patterns
  • interconnections between people and environments
  • differing ways people can use environments sustainably
  • interconnections between people, places and environments
  • influence of people's values on the management and protection of places and environments and the custodial responsibilities of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples
  • types of settlement across a range of scales
  • the influence of climate across a range of scales
  • ways in which people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, use and protect natural resources
  • differing views about environmental sustainability
  • sustainable management of waste
 
3
  • characteristics of places on a global level
  • global patterns of spatial distribution
  • how people organise and manage spaces in their local environment
  • how the environment influences people and places
  • how people influence the environment
  • the effect of natural disasters on the environment
  • how environments influence where people live
  • ways people influence the characteristics of their environments
  • diversity of cultures and peoples around the world
  • environmental and human characteristics of places on local, regional and global scales
  • the effect of global events on people and places locally, regionally and globally
  • extent of environmental change
  • environmental management practices
  • sustainability initiatives
  • changes to environmental and human characteristics of places
4
  • factors influencing peoples' perceptions of places
  • the special significance place has to some people
  • the effect of global trade, transport, information and communication technologies on places across the world
  • spatial distributions of landscapes, global water resources and natural hazards
  • how location influences the ways people organise places
  • processes that form and transform landscapes and landforms across the world
  • the aesthetic, cultural, spiritual and economic value of environments to people
  • the effect of human activities on natural and human environments
  • how people are affected by the environment with regard to landscapes, climate, natural hazards and the liveability of places
  • how people affect the environment such as people's use of water on its quality and availability as a resource
  • management of geographical challenges across a range of scales from local to global
  • responses and actions undertaken by governments, organisations and individuals
  • communities operating at local and global scales
  • pressures on the Earth's water resources and landscapes
  • the need to manage environments for a long-term future
  • sustainable management approaches
  • changes to resources, landscapes and places over time through natural and human geographical processes and events
  • the effect of management strategies in reducing the impact of natural and human processes
5
  • the effect of local and global geographical processes such as urbanisation, migration and climate change on tangible places such as a country as well as less tangible places such as a community
  • location of biomes and the spatial distribution of urbanisation, global patterns of food, industrial materials and fibre production and variations of human wellbeing
  • conflicts arising from competing uses of space for agricultural, urban, recreational and industrial land uses
  • the function and importance of the environment.
  • the quality of the environment
  • significant environmental challenges
  • approaches to environmental management
  • consequences of migration patterns on the location of origin and destination
  • the economic, social and environmental factors influencing spatial variations in global human wellbeing
  • interactions between geographical processes at different scales
  • local alterations to environments can have global consequences
  • changes at a global level can affect local environments
  • management and protection of places and environments at local, regional, national and global scales
  • short and long-term implications of environmental change on environments
  • the importance of sustainable practices to ensure the wellbeing of people
  • sustainable environmental worldviews and management approaches
  • biomes altered to produce food, industrial materials and fibres and the environmental effects of these alterations
  • the consequences of urbanisation
  • the protection of places and environments as a result of sustainable management practices